Publications and findings

WP 2 – The Constitutionalisation of the EU, the Europeanisation of National Constitutions, and Constitutionalism Compared


It has long been held that only states can have democratic constitutions. What then about the European Union? In the EU we see efforts to develop a democratic constitution as well as a process whereby national constitutions are becoming Europeanised. One of the questions asked by RECON is if these processes are likely to foster democracy at the European level, and if so, how? Can the EU develop a democratic constitution? If not, can the EU become a viable democracy without a democratic constitution? Equally important, will the EU undermine or consolidate national democracy?


Publications and activities WP 2

A complete list of publications and presentations is available for each year of the project:

2007 / 2008 / 2009 / 2010 / 2011

You can also try an open search in RECON’s database, or search by partner institution and name.



Website on the Europeanisation of national constitutions

RECON has set up a website on the Europeanisation of member states’ constitutions. Information is provided on national constitutional provisions related to the EU as well as national parliamentary debates on constitutional adaptation to the EU, case law and selected bibliographies. Read more.


Selected findings from RECON’s research on constitutional politics

  • The Lisbon Treaty did not clarify the EU’s constitutional character, but has rather caused more uncertainty and ambiguity
  • Further rounds of reforms and EU citizens’ explicit consent are needed for the EU constitution to be legitimate and sustainable over time
  • European integration has made national constitutions more transnational
  • The ratification procedures used for EU constitution-making remain determined at the national level
  • The EU’s constitutional processes – as is also the case in Canada – have been closed and executive-driven: in both cases the problem is the lack of openness and democratically accountable processes
  • The ability of governing parties to secure the support of their own constituencies remains crucial in winning national referendums on EU Treaties


Read more on these findings in the WP 2 leaflet What constitutional future for Europe? (pdf), which presents snapshots of selected findings to practitioners and policy makers, media and informed readers, civil society actors and interest groups, as well as other ‘stakeholders’.

RECON pamphlet

Reconstituting Democracy in Europe – Snapshots of findings (pdf)

Selected findings in brief from all RECON’s research fields